The Global Peace Index (GPI) 2019 report released on Wednesday states that Turkey has been ranked 152nd out of 163 countries, meaning Turkey is the 11th worst country in terms of global peace.
The GPI was released by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), a Sydney-based think tank dedicated to developing metrics to analyze global peace and to quantify its economic value.
As in 2018, Turkey dropped another three places and is classified under “countries getting worse” in the GPI report, being only one position behind Sudan where a civil war continues.
The GPI ranked 163 states and territories – 99.7 percent of the world – according to their level of peace, taking into account measures such as war, terrorism, police brutality and armament.
“In recent years, the conflict that affected Iraq and Syria has subsided, but new conflict areas have sprung up in Yemen, Nicaragua, and Turkey,” said Steve Killelea, founder of the IEP, adding that there is less violence overall around the world.
According to the IEP’s GPI, the average level of global peace has improved slightly in 2019 for the first time since 2013, and armament has been reduced in 106 countries.
Turkey was included as part of Europe in the index that showed 22 of 36 countries improved in terms of peace.
Europe, the most peaceful region in the globe, continues to dominate the top 25 with its 17 countries. Europe’s only country that ranked amongst the 50 least peaceful was Turkey.
Most of Europe’s countries showed low levels of political terror, including political imprisonment, disappearances, and torture, except for Turkey, which has the worst terrorism score in the region, although a reduction in terrorism is noted.
Nineteen European countries showed lower scores for the number and duration of, and role in, external conflicts, of which Turkey showed an increase in fatalities.
The GPI ranked Afghanistan the least peaceful country, replacing Syria which moved up one spot this year.
In the GPI 2019, Iceland remained the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008, followed by New Zealand and Portugal respectively.