The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, said on Wednesday that the number of people fleeing their countries due to war, oppression, and conflict exceeded 70 million globally at the end of 2018.
“What we are seeing in these figures is further confirmation of a longer-term rising trend in the number of people needing safety from war, conflict, and persecution,” said the head of the UNHCR, Filippo Grandi.
According to AFP, the UNHCR report statistics list 41.3 million internally displaced people (IDPs), 25.9 million refugees, and 3.5 million asylum seekers — those awaiting a decision on their bid for official refugee protection.
The UNHCR report shows that 68.5 million people were counted as being forcibly displaced by violence or persecution at the end of 2017, by comparison, and that the overall number of displaced people in the world has doubled over the last 20 years.
Inter-conflict in Ethiopia and economic collapse in Venezuela where people are fleeing the country every day, as well as the ongoing conflict in Palestine, sharply increased the number of global asylum seekers and refugees.
Grandi told reporters in Geneva that an estimated 3.3 million people have left Venezuela since the start of 2016, and that approximately half a million Venezuelan people have officially applied for asylum.
The number of Palestinian refugees around the world, especially in Lebanon and Jordan, reached 5.5 million.
The countries with the most internally displaced people are Syria and Colombia.
Turkey to co-chair Global Refugee Forum in Geneva
Turkish Foreign Minister released a statement on World Refugee Day, saying, “Turkey hosts 4 million people who sought shelter in the country, in the best manner. Today, we provide services across several fields, in particular, health, education and access to the labor market.”
The Ministry called on the international community “to provide necessary conditions for these people to live in dignity, to create conditions that would ensure a safe return to their countries, and to solve the problems forcing them to seek asylum.”
In the statement, it was also mentioned that Ankara will co-chair the Global Refugee Forum in Geneva from 17-18 December 2019.