The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) found that Turkey ranks 110th among other 167 surveyed countries in terms of the state of democracy, in the ‘Democracy Index’ report of 2019, released on Wednesday.
Turkey stands in the 110th place – like that of last year – with a score of 4.09 out of 10 in the annual survey of The Economist, even less than the global score of democracy – recorded as 5.44.
The newspaper reportedly took five measures into account, calculating the democracy score of the countries: electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture, and civil liberties.
In the report, Norway (9.87), Iceland (9.58), Sweden (9.39), New Zealand (9.26) and Finland (9.25) stand as the most democratic countries, whereas Chad (1.61), Syria (1.43), Central African Republic (1.32), Congo (1.13) and North Korea (1.08) are noted to have the worst state of democracy.
Countries are categorized into four units, based on their democracy scores – full democracies, flawed democracies, hybrid regimes, and authoritarian regimes.
Turkey falls into the ‘hybrid regime’ status, as it did last year.
Statistics show that there is an overall decline in Turkey’s democracy score, from 5.70 to 4.09 within the past 14 years. It also stands as the only country in Western Europe, with a ‘hybrid regime’ status.
China faced a razor-sharp recession in democratic freedom within the country, mostly due to the discrimination against the minorities in the western region of Xinjiang. The country’s score dropped from 3.32 to 2.26.
India’s democracy score also declined following the decision by its Hindu-nationalist government, to exclude about 2 million residents – that are mostly Muslims – in the Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir region.
An overall decline in the global democracy score is noted, where only 23 countries had full democratic status in 2019.